The Partnership for Peace Consortium's (PfPC) Emerging Security Challenges Working Group met in Malta, generously hosted by the University of Malta's Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies (MEDAC). The group discussed hybrid warfare and hybrid conflicts, which focuses on the changing dynamics of warfare and conflict in the 21st century, as seen in the behavior of states and non-state actors alike. As related to hybrid warfare and conflicts, the group addressed the risks of dual-use technologies, such as 3D printing, which could readily become a weapons manufacturing means for a variety of state and non-state actors. The group benefited from the presence of the Canadian Ambassador to Morocco, Sadra McCardell, who relayed her observations of the final days of the Qaddafi regime, during her time as Canada's Ambassador to Libya. The group's discussions resulted in tangible policy recommendations which will subsequently be published on the PfPC website.